A proximal humerus fracture is a broken bone (fracture) of the shoulder at the ball (humeral head) of the shoulder. These fractures of the humerus typically involve the neck and/or one or both of the attachments (greater or lesser tuberosity) of the rotator cuff muscles. If the fracture fragments are in appropriate alignment (position), the initial treatment consists of ice and medications to help relieve pain. Immobilization with a sling or shoulder immobilizer for up to six weeks is recommended to allow the bones to heal along with physical therapy to maintain passive range of motion. Displaced fractures (not in appropriate alignment) require surgery to restore and maintain the fracture in its normal position.
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